There are thus three levels: The law of the nations strives to regulate, to instill order among people so that chaos will not reign. It thus makes the most minimal demands. The Torah law, on the other hand, strives to raise people up to the level of real “justice,” and as such, we are obligated to right the wrong of a lost object as soon as we see it.
The third and highest level is that of the truly pious, those who wish to surpass mere “justice.” They seek to do “kindness” to others – even at their own expense.
חובה לפרט את כל החסד הגדול שה' עשה אתנו, למן הירידה למצרים כמשפחה קטנה ועד היותנו לאומה גדולה וחזקה היוצאת ממצרים באותות ומופתים.
כאשר יורדים לפרטים ומבינים לעומק את גודל החסד האלוקי, קל יותר לתת את הביכורים בלב שלם ובשמחה ורק אז הם עוברים לרשות ה'. כלומר, רק נדבה בלב שלם ושמח מתקבלת על ידי ה' ולכן יש צורך בתנופה מחודשת.
We see here that it is important to be specific when giving thanks. We must detail all the great acts of kindness that Hashem did for us, from the day we went down to Egypt as a small family, and up to the time we became a great and strong nation departing Egypt amidst great wonders and miracles.
Why is this important? Because by going into detail and truly understanding in depth the greatness of the Divine kindnesses, it is easier for us to give the first-fruits in a whole-hearted manner and with true joy – and only then do they truly pass into Hashem's domain. This is because Hashem accepts our gifts only when they are given with joy and with total desire. This is why we need the second waving – symbolizing this higher level of gratefulness.
Let us concentrate on the phrase איש כל הישר בעיניו, every man as is right in his own eyes, describing the situation that is not acceptable. The Torah wishes to emphasize that the standard for correct behavior is not determined by our own opinions and what is right in our own eyes. Rather, it must be that which is right in G-d's eyes.