Parashat Mishpatim - The Eternal Covenant
הרב שבתי סבתו
כו שבט התשעט01.02.2019
None of the Sages provide sources for their words, though we know that the Torah uses the word “covenant” to refer to both circumcision (B’reshit 17,11), as R. Yehuda said, and to Torah (Sh’mot 24,7), as per R. Elazar. What is R. Ami’s source for positing that the covenant referred to by the Prophet Jeremiah means “sacrifices”?
We thus have three covenants – sacrifices, circumcision, Torah – and two questions:
1. Why does R. Ami say that G-d’s covenant refers to the sacrificial offerings?
2. Why do all three Sages appear to overlook the fact that the verse in Jeremiah should be understood in conjunction with the verse that follows it, and should not stand on its own?